Indian medicine and its alternative therapeutic practices : an Introduction

195034medicine-jpg-660x330Alternative therapies refer to a broad group of natural and spiritual healing methods that are different than the conventional western medicine (or pharmaceutical medicine). Many of these healing methods have been used for centuries in many different cultures. A few examples are Ayurveda, Acupuncture, Aromatherapy, Herbal therapy, Meditation, Naturopathy, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), etc.

Though Ayurveda is perhaps 5,000 years old, the West has finally woken up now to the possibilities of its efficacy. Not only more people, but even celebrities such as Madonna, Naomi Campbell and Demi Moore, are turning to India’s ancient science to be cured of their ailments. Gopi Warrier, who is the first founder of Britain’s Ayurvedic Charitable Hospital and whose family has run Ayurvedic hospitals in south India for many generations, says, “western medicine has failed to deal with chronic problems as well as new, antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and Ayurveda, by contrast, has an excellent record of curing the sort of chronic problems that do not respond well to western medicine. Whether it is enzema, cystitis or migraines, Ayurveda can get to the root of the problem.” As the Western medical practices did not satisfy the people, they have shifted their attention to alternative medicine systems. According to Dr David Eisenberg who is working at the Centre for Alternative Medicine at Harvard, the Americans show a willingness to spend billions on alternative medicine to experiment and explore all possible avenues.

In the world of medicine, Ayurveda represent a very effective alternative system of medicine with its remarkable therapies like oil massage therapy, magnetic therapy, hot treatment therapy, mud therapy, herbal therapy, magical therapy, music therapy, etc. All over the world people have developed alternative medical hospitals where Ayurveda is widely practiced, and very successfully.

According to a study, the global herbal market is worth $120 billion a year and Ayurveda’s share is $60 billion a year.

In India, at AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Science) now it is compulsory to follow these traditional alternative therapies along with their western treatments. According to Dr.Upendra Singh, professor and head of department of physical medicine and rehabilitation at AIIMS, “Heat therapy is being widely used as a method of treatment as it relieves pain and also gives a sense of well being”. Dr.NeelkanthGoswami of Delhi’s Northern Railway Central Hospital defines music therapy as a way of maintaining and improving the mental health of an individual. In 1930s Electro Convulsive Therapy was developed in the field of psychiatric disorders, but currently this therapy is totally rejected by many modern doctors, but Dr. Rajesh Sagar of the psychiatry department of AIIMS says, “Traditionally, electric shocks are viewed as barbaric but they are the best effective method of treatment for acute depression”.

 Ancient Indian medicine and alternative Therapies

Oil Massage Therapy or Kerala Ayurveda (Dhara)

Oil massage therapy or Dhara traces its roots back to 3000 years. This therapy is generally practiced by the Kerala’s people. Many centers are established in Kerala these days, which provide this therapy. Basically this therapy is a cure for a variety of physical and mental diseases, strains and tensions, arthritis, spondylitis, paralysis, obesity, sinusitis, migraine, rheumatism, etc.

The treatment called Panchkarma is based on the principal of Tridosha (three faults), which are VataPitaand Kapha. The name panchkarma comes from two Sanskrit words, Pancha meaning five and Karma meaning action or process. Through this five-fold purification therapy healers revive the disturbed equilibrium of these three doshas. Panchkarma therapy has three main stages:poorvakarmapradhanakarma and paschatkarmaPoorvakarma is the first stage that comprises essential preliminary procedures preparing the body to unload stored toxins. Pradhanakarma is the second stage and main cleaning therapies. Paschatkarma is the final stage and describes the measures employed after the main treatment.

Magnetic Therapy

The word magnetic therapy comes from the magnet. In this process, the different positive forces of a magnet are taken into account to cure any kind of diseases. In the Atharvaveda words like ‘sikata‘ and ‘ashman‘ were used which mean ‘sand’ and ‘stone’ respectively. These two elements were effectively used to counter ravages, wrought by bleeding and for countering infertility among women. Ceramic magnetic devices owe their origin to the above two elements, in conjunction with iron.

Healing magnets of about 200 gauss are considered to be of lower powers and are meant to be used on sensitive and delicate organs and diseases appearing therein like tonsils, eye, nose, etc.

Mud Therapy

Mud therapy is regarded as 1000 years old traditional Indian Ayurvedicmedicine in which different layers of mud paste are applied on the body against diseases. Basically Indian rural and tribal people believe that mud has many medical properties for all kinds of diseases. They smear mud on the inner and outer layer in their houses to keep it cool during summer and warm during winter, and most importantly, to keep diseases and germs outside the houses.

This is the best treatment of many incurable diseases such as migraine, insomnia, mental disorders, sinusitis, asthma, indigestion, arthritis, spondylitis, sciatica, paralysis, eczema, viral infection, general ill health, etc.

Mud therapy as enunciated by Ayurveda, is based on the principal of two elements, prithvi (earth) andvayu (air). Mud from various places has different medical properties like soil of the northern hills are very good for arthritis, spondylitis, sciatica and paralysis; mud of the desert is good for viral infection. The mud of south India has the most effective properties against many diseases, as it is rich in minerals. It is believed that the concept of mud therapy originated from south India, and I think this therapy is deeply connected with Sidha medicine system because Sidha is essentially mineral based Indian traditional medicine system.

Herbal Therapies

Basically, Ayurveda is a herbal medicine system and it cures many incurable diseases. These herbal products are used in the form of powder, decoction, tonic, etc. These could be a single herb or a mixture of many herbal products, depending on the diseases and the treatment required.

The use of herbal products for treatment in India dates back to prehistoric times. In the Indus Valley Civilization tree worship was a very remarkable feature, which shows the importance of plants and plant products in human life. In Vedic times, Rgveda mentions a few plants like SemalPithvamPalashPipal, etc. These references increased in the later works, like Atharvaveda. The Kalpasutraof Atharvaveda refers to an exhaustive list of 579 plants and mentions their botanical characteristics and medical properties.

Yoga

Yoga is a comprehensive term comprising yogasanas, breath control, meditation, etc. The word Yoga in Sanskrit means to link, to unite and its ultimate goal is to achieve a reunion of our soul (jeevatma) with the supreme soul (paramatma). The main aim of yoga is to build physical and mental powers in a human body.

 Yogasanas or asanas form only a part of yoga and are meant to keep the body in good health. Recent scientific research and experiments have proved beyond doubt the efficacy of yoga in controlling and curing many serious diseases like blood pressure, heart diseases, hypertension, nervous disorders, etc.

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